Test post for text formatting

[June 30, 2016]

Writing a blog post includes

    paragraphs

, and the spaces between

    paragraphs

are something I

plan

to control. First-line indenting is another option (code: indenting) I will seek.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.
This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.
So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

αβγδ

α β γ δ

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.


So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.


This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

So these paragraphs will be short but they will suffice. My job search is picking up a bit. This line is not yet a second line as I type it. Now it is a second line.

This will be enough for formatting text and paragraphs. I can copy and paste these few paragraphs and create more paragraphs until I have enough of them.

Jessie Williams at the BET Awards

[June 28, 2016]

This milestone event for the USA occurred on June 16, 2016, but I did not know much about it until today, when I came across it on the Democracy Now website. Here is a link to that. After a brief introduction by Amy Goodman, Mr. Jesse Williams speaks for 4 minutes, accepting his award.

I do not know yet if that is his entire acceptance speech, but it includes the start and contains no interruptions. It is probably the entire speech, since acceptance speeches are short, but then again, this is a special award.

I use bold font to highlight the point below where the entire crowd comes to its feet to applaud. They remained standing while they continued to listen.

This reminds me of a moment in the history of the USA, Black America cheering the OJ Simpson acquittal. The response from White America was very different.

As documented in this blog, PBS television, Bill Moyers, Ian Haney-López, Ta-Nehisi Coates, Tavis Smiley, and many others enlightened me in many ways. Once I heard Ian Haney-López state that race relations (Black and White America, not to ignore other aspects) was the number one task for the USA even now, I was convinced, and Mr. Coates talking to Mr. Moyers was a bit step forward for me.

Here is a related link for a blog entry I prepared in the last few days. It is my short blog entry with the title, White America (USA), Racism and the Human-Induced Climate Crisis.

Here is the transcript from Democracy Now:

AMY GOODMAN: We turn now to actor Jesse Williams. Oh, he’s best known for his role on the TV show Grey’s Anatomy. But on Sunday night, he earned a standing ovation when he addressed the BET Awards. As he accepted the Humanitarian Award, Jesse Williams paid homage to police shooting victims, including Rekia Boyd and Tamir Rice, who would have turned 14 years old on Saturday if he hadn’t been killed by police in Cleveland. We turn now to Jesse Williams’ speech.

JESSE WILLIAMS: Before we get into it, I just want to say, you know, I brought my parents out tonight. I just want to thank them for being here, for teaching me to focus on comprehension over career, that they made sure I learned what the schools were afraid to teach us. And also I thank my amazing wife for changing my life.

Now, this award, this is not for me. This is for the real organizers all over the country—the activists, the civil rights attorneys, the struggling parents, the families, the teachers, the students—that are realizing that a system built to divide and impoverish and destroy us cannot stand if we do. All right? It’s kind of basic mathematics. The more we learn about who we are and how we got here, the more we will mobilize.

Now, this is also, in particular, for the black women, in particular, who have spent their lifetimes dedicated to nurturing everyone before themselves. We can and will do better for you.

Now, what we’ve been doing is looking at the data. And we know that police somehow manage to de-escalate, disarm and not kill white people every day. So what’s going to happen is we are going to have equal rights and justice in our own country, or we will restructure their function and ours.

Now, I got more, y’all. Yesterday would have been young Tamir Rice’s 14th birthday. So I don’t want to hear anymore about how far we’ve come, when paid public servants can pull a drive-by on a 12-year-old playing alone in a park in broad daylight, killing him on television and then going home to make a sandwich. Tell Rekia Boyd how it’s so much better to live in 2012 than it is to live in 1612 or 1712. Tell that to Eric Garner. Tell that to Sandra Bland. Tell that to Darrien Hunt.

Now the thing is, though, all of us in here getting money, that alone isn’t going to stop this. All right? Now, dedicating our lives—dedicating our lives to get money, just to give it right back for someone’s brand on our body, when we spent centuries praying with brands on our bodies, and now we pray to get paid for brands on our bodies?

There has been no war that we have not fought and died on the front lines of. There has been no job we haven’t done. There’s no tax they haven’t levied against us, and we’ve paid all of them. But freedom is somehow always conditional here. “You’re free,” they keep telling us, “but she would have been alive if she hadn’t acted so free.” Now, freedom is always coming in the hereafter. But you know what, though? The hereafter is a hustle. We want it now.

And let’s get—let’s get a couple things straight. Just a little side note. The burden of the brutalized is not to comfort the bystander. That’s not our job. All right? Stop with all that. If you have a critique for the resistance, for our resistance, then you better have an established record of critique of our oppression. If you have no interest—if you have no interest in equal rights for black people, then do not make suggestions to those who do. Sit down.

We’ve been floating this country on credit for centuries, yo, and we’re done watching and waiting while this invention called whiteness uses and abuses us, burying black people out of sight and out of mind, while extracting our culture, our dollars, our entertainment like oil—black gold—ghettoizing and demeaning our creations, then stealing them, gentrifying our genius and then trying us on like costumes before discarding our bodies like rinds of strange fruit. The thing is, though—the thing is that just because we’re magic doesn’t mean we’re not real.

Image below:

Above: (Click to zoom.)

Above: Jesse Williams. Image credit: Wikipedia article, public domain. (Click to zoom.)

Above:

False Choices and Flags, Too

[Rewrite, June 25, 2016]

God exists. True or false?

If we say True, we are not people of faith.

It is a false choice. It is more complicated than that. It is not a question we can avoid. I admire the French and British in their secularity. Religious people need not fear modernity, but secular traditions are good traditions. A wall of separation between church and state.

I was pleased to read a new concept, an atheist who objected to the word atheist. We have no word for those who do not believe ghosts exists. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost is a long tradition.

I recall Mr. Penn from Penn & Teller explaining his atheism to a friendly talk show host who did not share his atheism. Are we atheist if we do not believe in Thor, the God of Thunder?

Even if I live in a region where a student sneezing is answered by 18 classmates saying, “[God] Bless you!,” several times in response to a few sneezes in rapid succession, during a test hour when talking is not generally allowed, I object to the Reagan-initiated tradition of ending public political (campaign and office-holders) speeches by saying, “God Bless America.” I am raising my voice. I will be happy to see the first President of the USA in the coming years to return to our older tradition.

As long as we have tests, we will always have prayer in class.

The Supreme Court of the USA did well to outlaw prayer in class.

Most countries have no pledge of allegiance. After changing our related salute, we added the words Under God. At least one state in the USA added Under God to its pledge of allegiance. At least one state conducts those pledges daily in class, followed by a moment of silence. What is required of students, and what is allowed?

Homeowners associations allow political yards signs with limitations. Adding the flag of the USA to Christmas decorations in a yard is political.

On another subject, PBS has a good 9-minute video about the flags of the Confederate States of America. I will add a related image to this blog post.

http://www.pbs.org/video/2365650085

Last month, Houston Independent School District in the USA renamed seven schools. I was raising my voice to object to the older names, seven school names related to the Confederate States of America. I mentioned it only a few times, but I am happy with this Houston ISD decision. Here is a link to a related website article from ABC 13 television.

Above: Image credit: Keepscases. That is from Wikipedia (Confederate States of America). Click to zoom.

Above: Image credit: Keepscases. That is from Wikipedia (Confederate States of America).

 

Historic flooding here now and the Human-Induced Climate Crisis (HICC?)

A quick note about that flash flooding in Houston Texas USA this week. I drove into it Monday morning, April 18, 2016. It was raining cats and dogs. I left home at 5:30 AM, but I made a U-turn and stayed home. I was in the heavy rain on a wide freeway for about an hour.

Seven people died in this flooding in this Houston area during those 2 days, Monday and Tuesday.

Here is a link to an excellent article from Texas Climate News. (They depend on donations, by the way.) Here is that headline:

“The new abnormal” – the latest Houston flood disaster’s climate context

Houston Public Media provides a photograph which makes a blog post here more helpful. To give credit for the photograph, here is the link to that Houston Public Media article.

Below is that photograph:

Above: Photograh of Houston flooding. Image credit: Houston Public Media. See above for the link to the article. (Click to zoom.)

Above: Photograh of Houston flooding. Image credit: Houston Public Media. See above for the link to the article.

Racial caste in the USA; Human-induced climate crisis globally

Those two subjects in the title were connected for me by Naomi Klein; The human-induced climate crisis relates to the Industrial Age, starting about the time of the James Watt steam engine. That Age relates to colonialism, slavery, and capitalism.

Klein suggests we keep capitalism, but not the 1929 and 2008 versions. A female Black American guest on the Tavis Smiley show stated that capitalism requires inequality. Globally and especially in the USA, we see obscene inequality and distribution of wealth. I conclude that most money, especially in the USA, is inherited, not earned. We all need money for necessities and luxuries. A work ethic is failing. Addressing the human-induced climate crisis, Klein states that only radical solutions remain, thanks to the success of radical conservatives.

I listen to the audiobook The New Jim Crow often now. It is a 2010 book by Michelle Alexander, with a forward by Dr. Cornel West. (Unrelated, the Ashlee Vance Elon Musk biography is great, and the Kindle ebook version is $1.99. Thanks to Brad in the Apple Store for mentioning it to me.)

The Alexander book leads me to the recently discontinued PBS television show Moyers & Company (though the website continues at www.billmoyers.com). Moyers introduced me to Ian Haney-López and Ta-Nehisi Coates. They both talk about our racial caste system in the USA, but I continue to listen to the 2010 Alexander audiobook often this week. I must buy the e-book so that I can look up some of those passages.

An image file will help to close this blog post. Public domain: Alexander and Wikipedia? Other things are on my mind, but priorities are important.

Above: HAWTHORNE, Calif. - A look through the open hatch of the Dragon V2 reveals the layout and interior of the seven-crew capacity spacecraft. SpaceX unveiled the new spacecraft during a ceremony at its headquarters in Hawthorne, Calif. The Dragon V2 is designed to carry people into Earth's orbit and was developed in partnership with NASA's Commercial Crew Program under the Commercial Crew Integrated Capability agreement. SpaceX is one of NASA's commercial partners working to develop a new generation of U.S. spacecraft and rockets capable of transporting humans to and from Earth's orbit from American soil. Ultimately, NASA intends to use such commercial systems to fly U.S. astronauts to and from the International Space Station. Image credit: By NASA/Dmitri Gerondidakis [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. (Click to zoom.)

Above: HAWTHORNE, Calif. – A look through the open hatch of the Dragon V2 reveals the layout and interior of the seven-crew capacity spacecraft. SpaceX unveiled the new spacecraft during a ceremony at its headquarters in Hawthorne, Calif. The Dragon V2 is designed to carry people into Earth’s orbit and was developed in partnership with NASA’s Commercial Crew Program under the Commercial Crew Integrated Capability agreement. SpaceX is one of NASA’s commercial partners working to develop a new generation of U.S. spacecraft and rockets capable of transporting humans to and from Earth’s orbit from American soil. Ultimately, NASA intends to use such commercial systems to fly U.S. astronauts to and from the International Space Station. Image credit: By NASA/Dmitri Gerondidakis [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. (Click to zoom.) As Ashlee Vance stated in that biography of Elon Musk, Finally! A modern spacecraft for human space missions! 

Uninhabitable in our Lifetimes, Democracy Now, Climate Change

[From Democracy Now! of January 7, 2016]

TRANSCRIPT
This is a rush transcript. Copy may not be in its final form.

AMY GOODMAN: TransCanada Corporation has sued the U.S. government over its rejection of the Keystone XL pipeline. On Wednesday, it filed a lawsuit in U.S. federal court alleging President Obama’s rejection of the pipeline exceeded his power under the U.S. Constitution. TransCanada also filed legal action under NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement, claiming the pipeline permit denial was, quote, “arbitrary and unjustified.” It’s seeking $15 billion as part of its NAFTA claim.

President Obama rejected the cross-border crude oil pipeline in November, after years of review and one of the most vocal grassroots campaigns this country has seen in decades. At the time, he said approving Keystone would undermine global efforts to stop climate change.

PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA: America is now a global leader when it comes to taking serious action to fight climate change. And frankly, approving this project would have undercut that global leadership. And that’s the biggest risk we face: not acting. Today, we’re continuing to lead by example, because, ultimately, if we’re going to prevent large parts of this Earth from becoming not only inhospitable but uninhabitable in our lifetimes, we’re going to have to keep some fossil fuels in the ground, rather than burn them and release more dangerous pollution into the sky.

Above: Good news about the human-induced climate crisis. See the blog at the NASA climate website.

Above: Good news about the human-induced climate crisis. See the blog at the NASA climate website.

Inconvenient to Know, Moral Turpitude, Dreaming to be White

Job applicants (in Texas, for example) and immigrants in the USA might be required to answer in writing questions about moral turpitude. The Wall Street Journal supported the investigative journalism of Douglas A. Blackmon which led to his 2009 Pulitzer Prize for his 2008 book Slavery by Another Name, a PBS one-hour television show of February 13, 2012. He explains, as I recall from the audiobook, that starting about ten years after the Civil War in the USA, moral turpitude was one of many excuses to send black Americans, especially men in the South, to prison to work in a system worse than slavery, convict leasing.

Intentional ignorance? In a New York Times interview, Noam Chomsky or his interviewer used the phrases intentional ignorance and inconvenient to know.

This reminds of the writing of Ta-Nehisi Coates, including his 2015 book Between the World and Me. Would we prefer to continue to dream to be white rather than to be free?

The Human-Induced Climate Crisis (HICC?)

Human-induced climate change requires urgent action (AGU, 2013), but tomorrow Senator Ted Cruz of Texas (USA) is holding a hearing in Congress in Washington DC advertising four climate science deniers (Christy, Curry, Happer, Steyn); “Data or Dogma? Promoting Open Inquiry in the Debate over the Magnitude of Human Impact on Earth’s Climate.” Quite a few people in the USA and elsewhere are dishonest climate science deniers. I recommend the 2010 book Merchants of Doubt, the NASA climate website, the United Nations IPCC, reports from every national science academy, etc. Escape? We already guaranteed a global average surface temperature increase of 1.4 C since the start of the Industrial Age (the James Watt version of the steam engine), and the increase is already 1 C. (Convert an increase to F by multiplying by 1.8.) Will we reach 1.4 C by 2040? Will that measurement vary greatly from 2040 to 2100 based on how much mitigation we undertake now, after decades of institutionalized delay implemented by conservatives? [Brull] We must reduce our use of fossil fuels by about 80% now (yesterday), but will we do it? Will we escape? Not if we leave it to others, such as our leaders. We cannot just tell our leaders to fix it. We must tell them how to fix it. [Hansen, Democracy Now, this week, in Paris France.] Tax & dividend? Cap & trade? Government regulation? Segregationists never went away, they became small-government conservatives. [Britney Cooper, Salon.com.]

Web page design practice for new paragraphs

Sorry to bother you here, but at www.aiaahouston.org (IAC page, History TC page, Astrodynamics TC page, etc.), where TC stands for Technical Committee, and IAC stands for International Activities Committee, I need to be able to add a new paragraph break that works no matter the size of the user’s computer screen or mobile device screen. Following the choices made by that webmaster, my blog here uses Bluehost and for web site design, WordPress.

Creating blog entries allows me to use a GUI (Graphical User Interface), but sometimes I must edit the HTML code. For example, new paragraphs. What exactly is the HTML code? Break? New Line? New Paragraph? New Section? A carriage return in the GUI is not the answer; it has no effect.

[The Problem: When I insert a (small) image with its caption below it, then start a new paragraph, I want that new paragraph to start left-aligned below the caption, not to the right of the caption, not beside the image and beside the caption.]

Line1

myAlt

AlignNone, so to speak.

Line2

MyAlt

AlignNone, so to speak.

Line3

Line4

This is
a para
graph with line breaks

Line5

[Solution?: Try Align Right for the image (and caption), not the default Align Left. I found more sophisticated HTML code, but this is simpler. I will avoid the more complicated code which might or might not exist. Keep working below:

Above did not show the problem. Below shows the problem. Above is the solution, actually. Keep going:]

Line1

Alt Text can go here if I like but this is an experiment with HTML and Safari

AlignLeft, so to speak.

Line2

Line3

Line4

Line5

Line6

Line7

Line8

Line9

LineA

LineB

LineC

[That was AlignLeft for the image and caption. Found Amersandnpsb; that is to say,   as a new idea. It was auto-added. I did not add it. Can try it later. First, try above with AlignRight, so to speak.

Ignore nbsp preceded by an ampersand. That is for a blank space on the same line.

Here (below) we see AlignRight did not fix the problem.]

Line1

Alt Text can go here if I like but this is an experiment with HTML and Safari

AlignRight, so to speak

Line2

Line3

Line4

Line5

Line6

Line7

Line8

Line9

LineA

LineB

LineC

That is not what I wanted. I wanted a left-aligned image and caption, both left-aligned on the page, and the following text (new paragraph) to start left-aligned below all of that, not to either side of the image and caption.

Line 1

Alt Text can go here if I like but this is an experiment with HTML and Safari

AlignNone, so to speak

Line2

Line3

Line4

Line5

Line6

Line7

Line8

Line9

LineA

LineB

LineC

[Above we see AlignNone fixed the problem I was having. Now review www.aiaahouston.org/iac to see if problems remain. I might need a bigger screen (bigger than 15 inches) to know if a problem exists.]

Bulleted lists with WordPress and Safari

Our AIAA Houston Section Webmaster fixed this problem after an Apple Store helper found the CSS trouble (“liststyle: outside none none,”, see below). The bullets in bulleted lists were gone in Safari, but visible in Firefox. Here is a bulleted list of 3 items:

  • Item
  • Item
  • Item

Here is a note from our Webmaster:

Thank you for bringing this to my attention. I’ve updated style.css. Safari is not as relaxed as the other browsers in interpreting the stylesheet rules. Safari expected the list-style rule to state the list type, list bullet position, and list bullet image – in that order.

I’ve change the suspect rules from:
ul {
list-style: outside none square;
}
ol ol {
list-style: outside none upper-alpha;
}
ol ol ol {
list-style: outside none lower-roman;
}
ol ol ol ol {
list-style: outside none lower-alpha;
}

To:
ul {
list-style: square outside none;
}
ol ol {
list-style: upper-alpha outside none;
}
ol ol ol {
list-style: lower-roman outside none;
}
ol ol ol ol {
list-style: lower-alpha outside none;
}

My Apple Store helper explained that in Safari preferences, we can select a Develop menu, then select Show Web Inpector. The file style.css. contained the problem (“none none”). Removing those two words provided a temporary fix, until the page was refreshed, etc.

Actually, I see that the bulleted list above is already working for my blog here, so no problems there. The other website is www.aiaahouston.org.